Incluye referencia bibliográfica e índice. CONTENIDO: The Central Role of Student Learning. -- Why Does Student Learning Matter?. -- How Much Are Students in the Region Learning?. -- Benefits and Challenges of Measuring Student Learning. -- A Framework for Understanding Student Learning. -- Economic, Political, and Social Conditions. -- Student Endowments and Behaviors. -- School Endowments and Behaviors. -- Organizational Factors and Policies. -- Quality Assurance and Beyond. -- Instructional Visions and Institutions for Ensuring That All Students Learn. -- Conclusion. App. Description of International Assessments. Proficiency Levels for 2003 PISA Mathematics. Proficiency Levels for PISA 2000 and 2003 Reading.