Contenido: Economics, institutions, and development: a global perspective. Comparative development: differences and commonalities among developing countries. Classic theories of economic development. Contemporary models of development and undervelopment. Poverty, inequality, and development. Population growth and economic development: causes, consequences, and controversies. Urbanization and rural-urban migration: theory and policy. Human capital: education and health in economic development. Agricultural trasnformation and rural development. The environment and development. Development policymaking and the roles of market, state, and civil society. Trade theory and development experience. The trade policy debate: export promotion, import substitution, and economic integration. Balance of payments, developing-country debt, and the macroeconomic stabilization controversy. Foreign finace, investment, and aid: controversies and opportunities. Finance and fiscal policy for development. Some critical issues for the twenty-first century.