Incluye referencias bibliográficas e índice. CONTENIDO: The Dual Gaps: An Overview of Theory and Research / Mitchell A. Seligson -- Is There a Gap Between Rich and Poor Countries?. Characteristics of the Income Gap Between Countries / John T. Passe-Smith -- The Rising Inequality of World Income Distribution / Robert Hunter Wade -- Empiries of World Income Inequality / Glenn Firebaugh -- Assessing Contending Measures of the Income Gap / John T. Passe-Smith -- The Historical Origins of the Gap. The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective / Angus Maddison -- Why Did Human History Unfold Differently on Different Continents for the Last 13,000 Years? / Jared Diamond --Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development / Dani Rodrik, Arvind Subramanian, Francesco Trebbi -- The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development / Daron Acemoglu, Simon Johnson, James A. Robinson -- Macroeconomic Narratives from Africa and the Diaspora: Institutions Versus Policies: A Tale of Two Islands / Peter Blair Henry and Conrad Miller -- The Other Gap: Domestic Income Inequality. Economic Growth and Income Inequality / Simon Kuznets -- Inequality and Insurgency / Edward N. Muller, Mitchell A. Seligson -- Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion / Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins -- Equality and Efficiency: Is There a Trade-off Between the Two or Do They Go Hand in Hand? / Andrew G. Berg and Jonathan D. Ostry -- Do Poorer Countries Have Less Capacity for Redistribution? / Martin Ravallion -- The Classic Thesis: Convergence or Divergence?. The Five Stages of Growth / W. W. Rostow -- Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-Run Data Show / William J. Baumol -- Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Comment / J. Bradford De Long -- Culture and Underdevelopment. The Achievement Motive in Economic Growth / David C. McClelland --Underdevelopment Is a State of Mind / Lawrence E. Harrison. The Effect of Cultural Values on Economic Development: Theory, Hypotheses, and Some Empirical Tests / Jim Granato, Ronald Inglehart, David Leblang -- Dependency and World Systems Theory: Still Relevant?. The Development of Underdevelopment / Andre Gunder Frank -- American Penetration and Canadian Development: A Case Study of Mature Dependency / Heather-Jo Hammer, John W. Gartrell -- New Paths: Globalization in a Historical Perspective / Fernando Henrique Cardoso -- The Role of Institutions. Big Bills Left on the Sidewalk: Why Some Nations Are Rich, and Others Poor / Mancur Olson, Jr. -- Urban Bias and Inequality / Michael Lipton -- Political Regimes and Economic Growth / Adam Przeworski, Fernando Limongi -- Inequality as a Constraint on Growth in Latin America / Naney Birdsall, Richard Sabot -- What Makes Countries Rich or Poor? / Jared Diamond -- Natural Resources, Climate Change, and the Gap. Commodity Prices, Growth, and the Natural Resource Curse: Reconciling a Conundrum / Paul Collier and Benedikt Goderis -- Parasite Prevalence and the Worldwide Distribution of Cognitive Ability / Christopher Eppig, Corey Fincher, and Randy Thornhill -- Climate Change and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Last Century / Melissa Dell, Benjamin F. Jones, and Benjamin A. Olken -- Conclusion. Inequality in a Global Perspective: Directions for Further Research / Mitchell A. Seligson.