Contiene: Introduction. Nature of the scientific process. Rise of mental coherence. The foundations: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Ionia, Magna Graecia, Athens, to c.400 B.C. The great adventure. Unitary systems of thought: Athens, 400-300 B.C. The second adventure. Divorce of science and philosophy: Alexandria (300 B.C.-A.D. 200). The failure of inspiration. Science the handmaid of practice: imperial Rome (50 B.C.-A.D. 400). The failure of knowledge. The middle ages: theology, queen of the sciences (c.A.D.400-c.1400). Revival of learning. Rise of humanism: attempted return to antiquity (1250-1600). The insurgent century. Downfall of Aristotle (1600-1700): new attempts at Synthesis. The mechanical worlds. Enthronement of determinism (1700-1850). Culmination of the mechanical view of the world (c.1850-c.1900).