Knowledge-based perspectives on learning and institutional change. Virtual universities and learning environments: characterizing their emergence and design. Learning environments: The virtual university and beyond. Reforming the educational knowledge base. course content and skills in the internet age. Transforming learning environments with new technologies. Internet technologies: towards advanced infrastructure and learning applications. Course delivery systems for the virtual university. Digital libraries and virtual universities. Social foundations for collaboration in virtual environments. Moving towards the virtual university: institutional experiences from different regions. Institutional models for virtual universities. From traditional distance learning to virtual distance learning in higher education in Africa: Trends and challenges. Graduate studies at a distance: The construction of a brazilian model. The ITESM virtual university: towards a transformation of higher education. Distance higher education and a new trend of virtual universities in Asia. The internet and virtual universities: towards learning and knowledge systems.